Science and traditional futuristic fiction, in its premise takes our current world and imagining how the scientific advances, sociological improvements and cultural progression will lead to a future filled with hope, global peace and the transcending of humanity's problems with technology and international cooperation.
Neuromancer 1984, Snow Crash 1992, The Machine Stops 1909, Brave New World 1984, Out of the Silent Planet 1938, Nineteen Eighty-Four 1949, Farenheit 451 1953, Oryx and Crake 2003, The Time Machine 1895.
The Hunger Games 2008.
All of these novels have one thing in common. The paint a picture of a world where all current the scientific advances, sociological improvements and cultural progressions all lead our world inexorably toward a future filled with.... disaster, hopelessness, police states, famine, governmental brainwashing, global pandemics, corporate greed and espionage, technological dependence, and shallow virtual reality.
And in my opinion, Distopian futures are much more probable. Infuriating. A bit depressing. Disappointing. But more probable.